David Rose's Tiger Page
"Tiger, Tiger, burning bright, in the middle of
Tiger:- largest member of the cat family, Felidae, Panthera tigris.
- 1. Bali tiger Panthera tigris balica - disappeared
in the 1940s.
- 2. Caspian tiger P. t. virgata - no sign since the
- 3. Javan tiger P.t. sondaica - no confirmation of
survival since about 1980.
- 4. South China tiger P.t. amoyensis - virtually extinct,
with scattered individuals thought to number fewer than 50.
- 5. Siberian tiger P.t. altaica -
250-400, almost all in the Russian Far East, severely threatened
- 6. Sumatran tiger P.t. sumatrae - 400-500 threatened
by loss of habitat and poaching.
- 7. Indo-Chinese tiger P.t. corbetti - status unclear,
but may number 900-1,500. Threatened by poaching and habitat loss.
- 8. Bengal tiger P.t. tigris
- 3,100-5,300, mostly in India. Threatened by poaching and habitat
It lives in Asia and belongs to the same genus as the
lion, leopard, and jaguar.
The tiger is a solitary animal, males and females coming
together only at mating time. The litter usually numbers two or
three cubs, which stay with the mother into their second year.
The diet is varied, ranging from deer and cattle to snakes
and termites; carrion is also eaten.
There are between 4,600 and 7,700 tigers in the wild today, according
to figures provided by government officials and independent tiger